Types of Blood Thinners


There are many different types of blood thinners. Multiple Names of Blood Thinners can often apply to the same drug. For example, Coumadin is the brand name for warfarin, and Clexane and Lovenox are two different brand Names of Blood Thinners for one type of heparin drug. Some of the most common blood thinners are listed below. Both the brand names and generic Names of Blood Thinners are included. Drug category Vitamin K antagonists

  • Heparin (carbohydrate) drugs
  • Thrombin (enzyme) inhibitors

Brand Names of BloodThinners

  • Coumadin
  • Dicumarol
  • Miradon
  • Clexane, Lovenox
  • Hep-Lock, Hep-Pak
  • Fragmin
  • Arixtra
  • Orgaran
  • Innohep
  • Argatroban
  • Refludan
  • Angiomax, Angiox
  • Pradaxa
  • Aspirin

Chemical Names of Blood

  • Thinners
  • Warfarin
  • Dicumarol
  • Anisinidione
  • Enoxaparin
  • Heparin
  • Dalteparin
  • Fondaparinux
  • Danaparoid
  • Tinzaparin
  • Argatroban
  • Lepirudin
  • Bivalirudin
  • Dabigatran
  • Acetylsalicylic acid
  • Clopidogrel bisulphate
  • Dipyramidole
  • Aspirin and dipyramidole
  • Salicylate
  • P2Y (platelet receptor)
  • Plavix inhibitor
  • Thromboxane (specialized Persantine small molecule) inhibitor
  • Aggrenox

Most people have never heard the types of Blood Thinners before. Coumadin, which is at the top of the above list of Names of Blood Thinners, is one of the most widely prescribed blood thinners. Coumadin blocks the action of vitamin K, which is an important clotting agent that causes blood clots to form. Other types of Blood Thinners are the heparins Clexane, Lovenox and Arixtra. They are a family of carbohydrates (starch) that make blood less likely to clot and they help the body remove existing blood clots. Heparin blood thinners can be taken directly from the blood of animals, processed to isolate only specific members of the heparin family (as in Clexane or Lovenox), are types of Blood Thinners made in a laboratory to imitate the action of natural heparins (such as Arixtra). If you don’t know the types of Blood Thinners, you probably at least know about aspirin. Aspirin is widely used by people who have experienced a heart attack or stroke to prevent them from happening again. The types of Blood Thinners that combine aspirin with another blood thinning drug for even stronger preventative effects are Aggrenox or aspirin with dipyramidole. The types of Blood Thinners that target thrombin, an enzyme that plays several important roles in blood clot formation, are Argatroban, Refludan, Angiomax, Angiox and Pradaxa.  The types of Blood Thinners that target thromboxane, a type of fat molecule that is also critical to clot formation, are Persantine and Aggrenox. The types of Blood Thinners that target P2Y receptors, which signal platelets to clot, are Plavix and Clopidogrel bisulphate. The types of Blood Thinners new on the market that aim to have fewer harmful side effects and interactions of warfarin and heparin are Pradaxa and Dabigatran. These direct inhibitors of thrombin in particular may be advantageous over traditional warfarin and heparin drugs in critically-ill patients.