Types of Blood Thinners
There are many different types of blood thinners. Multiple Names of Blood Thinners can often apply to the same drug. For example, Coumadin is the brand name for warfarin, and Clexane and Lovenox are two different brand Names of Blood Thinners for one type of heparin drug. Some of the most common blood thinners are listed below. Both the brand names and generic Names of Blood Thinners are included. Drug category Vitamin K antagonists
- Heparin (carbohydrate) drugs
- Thrombin (enzyme) inhibitors
Brand Names of BloodThinners
- Clexane, Lovenox
- Hep-Lock, Hep-Pak
- Angiomax, Angiox
Chemical Names of Blood
- Acetylsalicylic acid
- Clopidogrel bisulphate
- Aspirin and dipyramidole
- P2Y (platelet receptor)
- Plavix inhibitor
- Thromboxane (specialized Persantine small molecule) inhibitor
Most people have never heard the types of Blood Thinners before. Coumadin, which is at the top of the above list of Names of Blood Thinners, is one of the most widely prescribed blood thinners. Coumadin blocks the action of vitamin K, which is an important clotting agent that causes blood clots to form. Other types of Blood Thinners are the heparins Clexane, Lovenox and Arixtra. They are a family of carbohydrates (starch) that make blood less likely to clot and they help the body remove existing blood clots. Heparin blood thinners can be taken directly from the blood of animals, processed to isolate only specific members of the heparin family (as in Clexane or Lovenox), are types of Blood Thinners made in a laboratory to imitate the action of natural heparins (such as Arixtra). If you don’t know the types of Blood Thinners, you probably at least know about aspirin. Aspirin is widely used by people who have experienced a heart attack or stroke to prevent them from happening again. The types of Blood Thinners that combine aspirin with another blood thinning drug for even stronger preventative effects are Aggrenox or aspirin with dipyramidole. The types of Blood Thinners that target thrombin, an enzyme that plays several important roles in blood clot formation, are Argatroban, Refludan, Angiomax, Angiox and Pradaxa. The types of Blood Thinners that target thromboxane, a type of fat molecule that is also critical to clot formation, are Persantine and Aggrenox. The types of Blood Thinners that target P2Y receptors, which signal platelets to clot, are Plavix and Clopidogrel bisulphate. The types of Blood Thinners new on the market that aim to have fewer harmful side effects and interactions of warfarin and heparin are Pradaxa and Dabigatran. These direct inhibitors of thrombin in particular may be advantageous over traditional warfarin and heparin drugs in critically-ill patients.
Dietary supplementation with Nattokinase was shown to suppress Intimal Thickening (thickening of the blood vessel wall) following induced injury of the rat femoral artery and appeared to enhance tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) while not tending to increase bleeding versus the control group. Thus, orally administered nattokinase could be considered as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) nutraceutical by decreasing plasma levels of these blood clotting factors associated with an increased CVD risk. Fibrinolytic activity, the amounts of t-PA, and fibrin degradation by-product in the plasma are doubled when nattokinase is given to human subjects by oral administration.
Nattokinase has clot-dissolving capabilities like that of our own fibrin-degrading enzyme plasmin. Plasmin is a natural human enzyme found in the blood and serves as a defense system to get rid of superfluous blood clots. Nattokinase increases the human body's ability to battle blood clots through multiple methods, because of its ability to up-regulate plasmin levels. In tests with 45 human subjects taking 2 capsules/day nattokinase orally, systemic levels of fibrinogen, Factor VII and Factor VIII (coagulation factors) were all found to decrease with no notable adverse events.
Patients who are taking prescription blood thinner medications are not always aware how they are made or how they work. Prescription blood thinner medications can be dangerous if taken at improper dosages. The side effects of prescription blood thinner medications have led many doctors to recommend supplements and all-natural products to thin the blood.
Blood coagulation or blood clotting is the transformation of blood into a solid gel called a clot or thrombus. The clot consists of a lattice of a protein polymer known as fibrin in combination with activated platelets. Clotting occurs in response to injury in the blood vessel.
The best natural blood thinners are enzyme based. Certain enzymes can digest blood clots without interfering with other bodily functions. Fibrinolytic or thrombolytic enzymes are completely safe and work as well or better than prescription blood thinners.